Alien Plant Species: Environmental Risks in Agricultural and Agro-Forest Landscapes Under Climate Change
- Joana R. Vicente, Ana Sofia Vaz, Ana Isabel Queiroz, Ana R. Buchadas, Antoine Guisan, Christoph Kueffer, Elizabete Marchante, Hélia Marchante, João A. Cabral, Maike Nesper, Olivier Broennimann, Oscar Godoy, Paulo Alves, Pilar Castro-Díez, Renato Henriques & João P. Honrado
- Climate Change-Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry
- Paula Castro, Anabela Marisa Azul, Walter Leal Filho & Ulisses M. Azeiteiro (Eds.)
- Basel: Springer
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN: 978-3-319-75003-3 / 978-3-319-75004-0 (online)
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75004-0_13
- 215-234 p.
Alien plant species have been essential for farming and agro-forestry systems and for their supply of food, fiber, tannins, resins or wood from antiquity to the present. They also contributed to supporting functions and regulating services (water, soil, biodiversity) and to the design of landscapes with high cultural and scenic value. Some of those species were intentionally introduced, others arrived accidentally, and a small proportion escaped, naturalized and became invasive in natural ecosystems—these are known as invasive alien species (IAS). Here, invasive means that these species have some significant negative impact, either by spreading from human-controlled environments (e.g. fields, gardens) to natural ecosystems, where they can cause problems to native species, or to other production systems or urban areas, impacting on agricultural, forestry activities or human health. Socio-environmental impacts associated with plant invasions have been increasingly recognized worldwide and are expected to increase considerably under changing climate or land use. Early detection tools are key to anticipate IAS and to prevent and control their impacts. In this chapter, we focus on crop and non-crop alien plant species for which there is evidence or prediction of invasive behaviour and impacts. We provide insights on their history, patterns, risks, early detection, forecasting and management under climate change. Specifically, we start by providing a general overview on the history of alien plant species in agricultural and agroforestry systems worldwide (Sect. 1). Then, we assess patterns, risks and impacts resulting from alien plants originally cultivated and that became invasive outside cultivation areas (Sect. 2). Afterwards, we provide several considerations for managing the spread of invasive plant species in the landscape (Sect. 3). Finally, we discuss challenges of alien plant invasions for agricultural and agroforest systems, in the light of climate change (Sect. 4).
Sobre o livro:
This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help the agriculture and forestry sectors find solutions for mitigating climate variability and adapting to change. It brings the topic of ecosystem services closer to education and learning, as targeted by the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture and agroforestry have been observed across the world during the last 50 years. Increasing temperatures, droughts, biotic stresses and the impacts of extreme events have continuously decreased agroforestry systems’ resilience to the effects of climate change. As such, there is a need to adapt farming and agroforestry systems so as to make them better able to handle ever-changing climate conditions, and to preserve habitats and ecosystems services.
Tipologia do Evento:
Sessão de cinema
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines. Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms Gestures such as
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines.
Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms
Gestures such as the recent toppling of statues portraying slave owners or confederate soldiers in the UK and USA have ushered in public and historiographical debates about the legacies of colonialism as well the role of material culture and visuality in historical memory. Although the study of the past is always situated, not least disciplinarily, such situatedness should be open for productive intersections between history and history of art. For example, can we consider Cecil Rhodes’ statue an autonomous material manifestation without considering how its materiality is placed in history? Can we historicise artistic objects without engaging with the specific contexts of their material production or with the evolving ideological values that shaped the very conception of ‘art’? Can we talk about history as purely discursive when its material consequences are, at the same time, so palpable and so contested, particularly at a time when bodies and cultures are visibly threatened by global, social, economic, environmental, and health-related crises?
This conference aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines, focusing on their relationship to issues of materiality and ethics.
(Terça-feira) 10:00 am - 5:30 pm
Instituto de História Contemporânea — NOVA FCSH e Universidade de Évora, IN2PAST e University College London
Mai 18, 2022
Palavras do historiador Fernando Rosas no Campo de Concentração de Mauthausen.
Mai 12, 2022
Exposição com curadoria de Margarida de Magalhães Ramalho e Claude Marx.
Mai 6, 2022
O novo documentário de Ansgar Schaefer e Susana de Sousa Dias estreia hoje em Portugal.