Alien Plant Species: Environmental Risks in Agricultural and Agro-Forest Landscapes Under Climate Change
- Joana R. Vicente, Ana Sofia Vaz, Ana Isabel Queiroz, Ana R. Buchadas, Antoine Guisan, Christoph Kueffer, Elizabete Marchante, Hélia Marchante, João A. Cabral, Maike Nesper, Olivier Broennimann, Oscar Godoy, Paulo Alves, Pilar Castro-Díez, Renato Henriques & João P. Honrado
- Climate Change-Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry
- Paula Castro, Anabela Marisa Azul, Walter Leal Filho & Ulisses M. Azeiteiro (Eds.)
- Basel: Springer
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN: 978-3-319-75003-3 / 978-3-319-75004-0 (online)
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75004-0_13
- 215-234 p.
Alien plant species have been essential for farming and agro-forestry systems and for their supply of food, fiber, tannins, resins or wood from antiquity to the present. They also contributed to supporting functions and regulating services (water, soil, biodiversity) and to the design of landscapes with high cultural and scenic value. Some of those species were intentionally introduced, others arrived accidentally, and a small proportion escaped, naturalized and became invasive in natural ecosystems—these are known as invasive alien species (IAS). Here, invasive means that these species have some significant negative impact, either by spreading from human-controlled environments (e.g. fields, gardens) to natural ecosystems, where they can cause problems to native species, or to other production systems or urban areas, impacting on agricultural, forestry activities or human health. Socio-environmental impacts associated with plant invasions have been increasingly recognized worldwide and are expected to increase considerably under changing climate or land use. Early detection tools are key to anticipate IAS and to prevent and control their impacts. In this chapter, we focus on crop and non-crop alien plant species for which there is evidence or prediction of invasive behaviour and impacts. We provide insights on their history, patterns, risks, early detection, forecasting and management under climate change. Specifically, we start by providing a general overview on the history of alien plant species in agricultural and agroforestry systems worldwide (Sect. 1). Then, we assess patterns, risks and impacts resulting from alien plants originally cultivated and that became invasive outside cultivation areas (Sect. 2). Afterwards, we provide several considerations for managing the spread of invasive plant species in the landscape (Sect. 3). Finally, we discuss challenges of alien plant invasions for agricultural and agroforest systems, in the light of climate change (Sect. 4).
Sobre o livro:
This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help the agriculture and forestry sectors find solutions for mitigating climate variability and adapting to change. It brings the topic of ecosystem services closer to education and learning, as targeted by the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture and agroforestry have been observed across the world during the last 50 years. Increasing temperatures, droughts, biotic stresses and the impacts of extreme events have continuously decreased agroforestry systems’ resilience to the effects of climate change. As such, there is a need to adapt farming and agroforestry systems so as to make them better able to handle ever-changing climate conditions, and to preserve habitats and ecosystems services.
Tipologia do Evento:
Sessão de cinema
Detalhes do Evento
O livro de Erica Borg e Amedeo Policante vai ser apresentado online, no âmbito do Marxist Education Project, por Ariel Salleh e Stuart Newman. Mutant Ecologies Manufacturing Life
Detalhes do Evento
O livro de Erica Borg e Amedeo Policante vai ser apresentado online, no âmbito do Marxist Education Project, por Ariel Salleh e Stuart Newman.
Manufacturing Life in the Age of Genomic Capital
The interconnected fields of genomic science, genome editing, and biotechnology have emerged over the past half-century as a revolution in the production of new life forms that have been eagerly adopted by agriculture, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and other business sectors. While many – including the Nobel Committee – have heralded this as a “new epoch” of limitless possibilities for positive transformation, In Mutant Ecologies: Manufacturing Life in the Age of Genomic Capital, Erica Borg and Amedeo Policante show how genetic science has been deeply intertwined from its beginning with the raw imperatives of capital accumulation. “Genomic capital,” the authors’ term for the use of genetic materials in industrial production, has literally altered many of life’s metabolic processes in service to capital’s demands. Within a socio-historical context defined by the iron rules of competition and exploitation, capital no longer contents itself with simply appropriating the living bodies of plants and animals but purposefully designs their internal metabolism, and in that way it redesigns the countless living vectors that constitute the global biosphere. This biological revolution will ripple through the everyday lives of people everywhere. Erica and Amedeo will present Mutant Ecologies and Ariel Salleh and Stuart Newman will discuss the book and initiate the conversation.
(Sábado) 9:00 pm - 10:30 pm
Link a divulgar a quem se inscrever
Marxist Education Projectinfo@marxedproject.org 388 Atlantic Avenue, 2nd Floor Brooklyn, NY 11217 (USA)
Fev 3, 2023
A exposição Trabalhadores Forçados Portugueses no III Reich chega, enriquecida, à Assembleia da República.
Dez 8, 2022
Victor Pereira foi um dos premiados com o Prémio Aristides de Sousa Mendes 2022.
Dez 5, 2022
Foi publicado o website do projecto Memória Oral da Diplomacia Portuguesa.