Alien Plant Species: Environmental Risks in Agricultural and Agro-Forest Landscapes Under Climate Change
- Joana R. Vicente, Ana Sofia Vaz, Ana Isabel Queiroz, Ana R. Buchadas, Antoine Guisan, Christoph Kueffer, Elizabete Marchante, Hélia Marchante, João A. Cabral, Maike Nesper, Olivier Broennimann, Oscar Godoy, Paulo Alves, Pilar Castro-Díez, Renato Henriques & João P. Honrado
- Climate Change-Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry
- Paula Castro, Anabela Marisa Azul, Walter Leal Filho & Ulisses M. Azeiteiro (Eds.)
- Basel: Springer
- Language: English
- ISBN: 978-3-319-75003-3 / 978-3-319-75004-0 (online)
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75004-0_13
- 215-234 p.
Alien plant species have been essential for farming and agro-forestry systems and for their supply of food, fiber, tannins, resins or wood from antiquity to the present. They also contributed to supporting functions and regulating services (water, soil, biodiversity) and to the design of landscapes with high cultural and scenic value. Some of those species were intentionally introduced, others arrived accidentally, and a small proportion escaped, naturalized and became invasive in natural ecosystems—these are known as invasive alien species (IAS). Here, invasive means that these species have some significant negative impact, either by spreading from human-controlled environments (e.g. fields, gardens) to natural ecosystems, where they can cause problems to native species, or to other production systems or urban areas, impacting on agricultural, forestry activities or human health. Socio-environmental impacts associated with plant invasions have been increasingly recognized worldwide and are expected to increase considerably under changing climate or land use. Early detection tools are key to anticipate IAS and to prevent and control their impacts. In this chapter, we focus on crop and non-crop alien plant species for which there is evidence or prediction of invasive behaviour and impacts. We provide insights on their history, patterns, risks, early detection, forecasting and management under climate change. Specifically, we start by providing a general overview on the history of alien plant species in agricultural and agroforestry systems worldwide (Sect. 1). Then, we assess patterns, risks and impacts resulting from alien plants originally cultivated and that became invasive outside cultivation areas (Sect. 2). Afterwards, we provide several considerations for managing the spread of invasive plant species in the landscape (Sect. 3). Finally, we discuss challenges of alien plant invasions for agricultural and agroforest systems, in the light of climate change (Sect. 4).
About the book:
This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help the agriculture and forestry sectors find solutions for mitigating climate variability and adapting to change. It brings the topic of ecosystem services closer to education and learning, as targeted by the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture and agroforestry have been observed across the world during the last 50 years. Increasing temperatures, droughts, biotic stresses and the impacts of extreme events have continuously decreased agroforestry systems’ resilience to the effects of climate change. As such, there is a need to adapt farming and agroforestry systems so as to make them better able to handle ever-changing climate conditions, and to preserve habitats and ecosystems services.
Tipologia do Evento:
Detalhes do Evento
After meetings in Évora and Braga, IN2PAST is now formally presented in Lisbon, at NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities. Apresentação do Laboratório Associado IN2PAST O Laboratório Associado para
Detalhes do Evento
After meetings in Évora and Braga, IN2PAST is now formally presented in Lisbon, at NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities.
Apresentação do Laboratório Associado IN2PAST
O Laboratório Associado para a Investigação e Inovação em Património, Artes, Sustentabilidade e Território (IN2PAST) é o primeiro Laboratório Associado na área das Humanidades. Após a sua candidatura ao título de Laboratório Associado ter sido aprovada no concurso promovido pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia em 2020/2021, o IN2PAST dá agora os seus primeiros passos.
Reunindo unidades de investigação provenientes de distintas áreas disciplinares (da Química à História Contemporânea, passando pela Antropologia, a Arqueologia, a Arquitectura, a História de Arte ou a Música), o IN2PAST junta a Universidade de Évora, a Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, a Universidade do Minho, o Iscte-IUL e a Universidade de Coimbra.
No dia 2 de Dezembro, o IN2PAST fará a sua apresentação em Lisboa, após reuniões já efectuadas em Évora e no Minho.
Queremos, por isso, convidar os docentes, os investigadores e os estudantes da NOVA e do Iscte-IUL, as nossas duas instituições na região de Lisboa, a assistirem à apresentação deste novo Laboratório Associado, na certeza de que o mesmo se encontra aberto a colaborar com todas as unidades de investigação e departamentos destas nossas duas instituições universitárias.
Programa (📎 PDF):
14h30 | Abertura
Com António Candeias (Presidente do IN2PAST), Cristina Brito (Sub-Directora Adjunta para a Investigação da NOVA FCSH) e Maria de Lurdes Rodrigues (Reitora do Iscte-IUL)
15h00 |A organização e as linhas temáticas do IN2PAST
Com Jorge Correia (Vice-Presidente do IN2PAST) e José Neves (Vice-Presidente do IN2PAST)
15h30 | O IN2PAST em colaboração com as Ciências Sociais, as Humanidades e as Artes
Com Joana Cunha Leal (membro da Direcção do IN2PAST), Manuel Pedro Ferreira (membro da Direcção do IN2PAST) e Nélia Dias (Presidente do Conselho Científico do IN2PAST)
(Sexta-feira) 2:30 pm - 4:00 am
Associate Laboratory for Research and Innovation in Heritage, Arts, Sustainability and Territory
Detalhes do Evento
Lecture in the framework of the parallel programme of the exhibition “Resistant Women”, at the Alcântara Library, in Lisbon. With
Detalhes do Evento
Arqueologia e repressão:
Violência contra as mulheres na guerra civil e o regime franquista
The Francoist repressive strategy unleashed after the coup d’état of 18 July 1936 developed complex mechanisms of physical and psychological punishment. Within Franco’s repressive system there was a specific procedure applied to Republican women. In this presentation, I provide an analysis of the repression suffered by women during the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s dictatorship in Spain. For that purpose, I draw on stories of female victims, who suffered physical and psychological humiliation, and on mass graves with bodies of women. The research is based on a holistic study of material, oral and written sources from an archaeological, forensic, and historical perspective. It is argued that the different repressive strategies used against the female population by Spanish fascism was motivated by the perception of women as second-class citizens and therefore inferior to men. Their punishment followed criteria of exemplarity.
Laura Muñoz-Encinar is a specialist in the Archaeology of Contemporary Conflict and Forensic Anthropology, focusing on repression processes conducted in 20th-century wars in Spain and Europe and gender studies. Her research takes a holistic analysis of mass graves through an interdisciplinary approach combining history, archaeology, and forensic anthropology. This combination of disciplines provides an integrated analysis of the contexts of contemporary political violence, showing new approaches to the production of historical knowledge. Her research career has been centred on the exhumations of mass graves of victims of extrajudicial repression, from the perspective of forensic archaeology, with the aim of analysing the repressive strategies developed during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975). Inside this approach, she has a special interest in analysing gendered violence in war and post-conflict scenarios. Moreover, she has examined the importance of scientific evidence for the interpretation of past events and the production of historical knowledge about contemporary political violence.
(Sexta-feira) 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Institute of Contemporary History — NOVA FCSH, Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory, and Alcântara Library
Detalhes do Evento
Opening of the film cycle promoted by the IHC and other research centres at the Portuguese Cinematheque on the Representations of the Middle Ages in Cinema. Luz e Sombra
Detalhes do Evento
Opening of the film cycle promoted by the IHC and other research centres at the Portuguese Cinematheque on the Representations of the Middle Ages in Cinema.
Luz e Sombra — Representações da Idade Média no Cinema
The IHC, through the inter-university research group “Using the Past. The Middle Ages in the Spotlight” and in close collaboration with the Portuguese Cinematheque, is one of the promoters of the cycle “Luz e Sombra — Representações da Idade Média no Cinema” [Light and Shadow – Representations of the Middle Ages in Cinema], which will take place during the month of December.
The opening session, at 7pm on 2 December, will feature the film “Monty Python and the Holy Grail“, directed by Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones – “a parody of medieval films such as none before or since cinema has ever known”. The full programme of the cycle is available here.
(Sexta-feira) 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm
Nov 30, 2022
Historian Esmat Elhalaby will be in Lisbon next week.
Nov 29, 2022
The IHC is one of the promoters of the cycle Light and Shadow – Representations of the Middle Ages in Cinema.
Nov 25, 2022
The Associate Laboratory for Research and Innovation in Heritage, Arts, Sustainability and Territory will be presented in Lisbon.