Why be a researcher at the IHC?
The Institute of Contemporary History (IHC) is a leading Portuguese research centre in the field of Modern and Contemporary History with facilities both at NOVA School of Social Sciences and Humanities (in Lisbon) and at the University of Évora.
The IHC is a member of the recently created IN2PAST, the Associate Laboratory for Research and Innovation in Heritage, Arts, Sustainability and Territory, and hosts the Digital Humanities Laboratory, an interdisciplinary space where knowledge in the Arts and Humanities converges with methodologies from Computer Science. The IHC thus encourages interdisciplinary approaches and covers a wide range of topics related to the conceptualization, contextualization and interpretation of historical reality for the period between the end of the 18th century and the present.
Working at the IHC means to be a member of a multicultural, creative, collaborative, and publicly engaged environment that gathers more than 200 researchers arising from the fields of History, Anthropology, Archaeology, Sociology, Arts, and others. As a modern and contemporary history research centre working on a broad range of topics, we regularly collaborate with the media, museums, archives, city councils, and high schools.
The IHC yesterday and today
Establishing a centre dedicated to modern and contemporary history in the early 1990s was a daring and visionary initiative, led by two professors from NOVA FCSH: Fernando Rosas and Luís Espinha da Silveira. Until recently, the study of contemporaneity (and especially of the twentieth century) was still viewed with some suspicion – something that the more sceptical referred to as “journalism with footnotes.”
However, on the international scene, these suspicions were long over past. The procedures and tools of analysis of the historical method were systematically used to clarify, as rigorously as possible, the changes and continuities of the modern and contemporary periods. Furthermore, the public’s appetite for a reading of the recent past that transcended the merely memorialistic record was notorious.
In the Portuguese context, the almost five decades of dictatorship have further increased this curiosity. The research projects and the master’s and doctoral theses developed within the framework of NOVA FCSH and the IHC have made a decisive contribution to the construction of the “Estado Novo” as a field of research unprecedented in Portuguese historiography.
One of the hallmarks of the IHC has always been to function as a space for intergenerational collaboration. Originally made up of a group of professors from the History Department of NOVA FCSH (which included, besides Fernando Rosas and Luís Espinha da Silveira, names such as AH de Oliveira Marques, António Pedro Vicente, António Reis, José Medeiros Ferreira, and Maria Cândida Proença), the IHC quickly began to aggregate a significant group of young researchers whose pioneering work was recognised by several prizes and other distinctions. Many of them later became historians with established credits and authors of reference works, both at the national and international levels.
In addition to its commitment to research and advanced training, the IHC has never neglected its connection to the world outside academia. Over the years, it has played an active role in intervening in civic and cultural debates, and in preserving the collective memory. Maria Fernanda Rollo, President of the IHC between 2012 and 2015, took a leading role in the scientific programme of the Centenary of the First Republic and was, before assuming governmental functions, in December 2015, one of the promoters of several initiatives around the centenary of the Great War, in addition to other projects that marked our relationship with civil society, public institutions, and private companies. The first cultural space in Lisbon dedicated to the memory of political repression under the Estado Novo – the Aljube Museum – counted on the scientific advice of several members of the IHC and was directed by Luís Farinha, also a long-time researcher of the IHC.
From a small centre sponsored by NOVA FCSH professors, the IHC has experienced a very remarkable expansion in the last decade, also incorporating researchers and professors from other universities. It is worth noting the partnership that made possible the merge, in 2013-14, of the Centre for Studies of History and Philosophy of Science of the University of Évora in our research structure.
The current configuration of the IHC – based on research groups and thematic lines – results from the adjustment to the requirements of the Foundation fos Scinece and Technology (the main, but not exclusive, funding entity) and the acquired meaning of new research agendas. In addition to a dedicated team of integrated researchers, the IHC also counts on a large network of associates and collaborators, as well as and a well-trained management team.
In the last decade, the IHC has undergone important transformations, largely as a result of the fact that it has significantly increased its number of researchers exclusively dedicated to research, at the same time that the opportunities for entering the teaching career have been reduced. In this context, the IHC decided to apply for the title of Associate Laboratory in the competition promoted by FCT in 2021. With the success of the application promoted by us, the Associate Laboratory IN2PAST was created, the first and only associated laboratory in the area of Humanities and also the only one that integrates a unit in the area of History.
The team of PhD researchers integrated in the IHC team at FCT and IN2PAST is currently composed of around one hundred researchers, about half of which are contracted PhD researchers and half are professors who teach in Higher Education. The IHC also brings together around 30 PhD researchers who work outside the academic environment and who, in addition to the research they carry on their off-time, make possible the Programme History in the Public Sphere, which also enhances the action of IN2PAST in the field of public policy.
List of Presidents:
- A. H. de Oliveira Marques
- António Reis
- Fernando Rosas
- Maria Fernanda Rollo
- Pedro Aires Oliveira
- José Neves (current)
Sep 15, 2022
This week saw the launch of the digital archive “Os Mutilados da Guerra (1914-1918): reavivar uma memória”.
Sep 8, 2022
The IHC will host two new PhD scholarship holders funded by the FCT.
Jul 28, 2022
Two of the IHC’s projects were approved in competition for grants opened by the Foundation for Science and Technology.