Article included in the thematic issue “1914/18 – revisited“, edited by Christa Hämmerle, Ingrid Sharp, and Heidrun Zettelbauer.
Studies on the First World War have been met with increasing popularity in Portugal, a phenomenon also occurring in other countries. During the last few years, several commemorative activities took place, ranging from exhibitions to conferences to publications. Despite such unprecedented enthusiasm, these events have been mainly male-focused, apart from a few exceptions. This article aims to identify how current studies within and beyond the academic community take into consideration gender perspectives when remembering the Great War in Portugal. It offers a short overview of commemorative events in Portugal that have included gender narratives and their limitations. What academic books and articles have been published? What exhibitions highlighted women’s participation in the First World War? Have the media been covering war and gender perspectives in particular? Despite a certain interest in the Great War’s centenary, the role of Portuguese women continues to be reduced to second rate. The article will give possible reasons for this scenario and discuss potential future developments.
Tipologia do Evento:
Detalhes do Evento
Research seminar of the group Comparative Political History. With Matteo Millan, on armed associationism in Europe before, during, and after the Great
Detalhes do Evento
Beyond the watershed?
Pre-1914 armed associations during the Great War, and in its aftermath
Armed associations were a common presence in pre-1914 Europe: thousands of male European citizens owned, handled, and used guns and rifles as members of various armed associations, from military youth groups and paramilitary units to civic militias, from company defence groups to shooting clubs. Handling guns was a means of instilling patriotic values in young men and preparing them to defend the country, but it was also a fully legitimized practice for preserving social hierarchies, order, and productivity. The outbreak of the First World War was a litmus test for the massive continental experience of armed associationism. On the one hand, such groups spent the years prior to the conflict preparing for war or preserving the social order against internal enemies; on the other hand, what they experienced once the war broke out was completely different from what they had expected. The paper’s aim is threefold. First, it offers a quick overview of armed associationism in pre-1914 Europe, outlining the various types, practices, and functions of armed associations. Second, it explores what happened to armed associations once the war broke out, highlighting transformations, adaptations, and disappointments. Third, it investigates the legacy of pre-war armed associationism in post-war Europe, in which a new kind of paramilitarism – much more violent and brutal – emerged and in which the threat of revolution seemed far more real. Despite the completely new context produced by the total conflict, through their endurance and legacy pre-1914 armed associations were able to overcome the watershed of the war experience and went on to influence post-1918 Europe.
Speaker: Matteo Millan (Università di Padova)
Discussant: George Souvlis (University of Ioannina)
Picture: Freikorps in Berlin, circa 1919 (Credit: Major a. D. F. W. Deiß, Weller Verlag/Berlin).
(Segunda-feira) 4:00 pm - 6:00 pm
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