Science and diplomacy: the National Education Board and the League of Nations. Portugal in the 1930s
- Quintino Lopes
- e-Journal of Portuguese History
- Volume 16, Number 2
- Language: English
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.26300/rqfn-ww90
- ISSN: 1645-6432
Funded by the Junta de Educação Nacional (JEN—National Education Board), a State institution that aimed to europeanize scientific activity in Portugal in the 1930s, Fernando Silva obtained a PhD at the University of Geneva and became a privatdozent at the Faculty of Law. The authoritarian nationalist Estado Novo, seeking to avoid upsetting the status quo in Portuguese academia, appointed Silva, a specialist in international law, to a post in the Secretariat of the League of Nations, where international interests were assumed to take precedence over national interests. Embodying the ‘Spirit of Geneva,’ he influenced international diplomacy between the wars while acting against the interests of the Portuguese State. This makes interpretation of the actions of a regime that is traditionally seen as having turned its back on the rest of continental Europe even more complex.
League of Nations; Estado Novo; National Education Board; Diplomacy; Fernando Correia Pereira da Silva
Tipologia do Evento:
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines. Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms Gestures such as
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines.
Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms
Gestures such as the recent toppling of statues portraying slave owners or confederate soldiers in the UK and USA have ushered in public and historiographical debates about the legacies of colonialism as well the role of material culture and visuality in historical memory. Although the study of the past is always situated, not least disciplinarily, such situatedness should be open for productive intersections between history and history of art. For example, can we consider Cecil Rhodes’ statue an autonomous material manifestation without considering how its materiality is placed in history? Can we historicise artistic objects without engaging with the specific contexts of their material production or with the evolving ideological values that shaped the very conception of ‘art’? Can we talk about history as purely discursive when its material consequences are, at the same time, so palpable and so contested, particularly at a time when bodies and cultures are visibly threatened by global, social, economic, environmental, and health-related crises?
This conference aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines, focusing on their relationship to issues of materiality and ethics.
(Terça-feira) 10:00 am - 5:30 pm
Institute of Contemporary History — NOVA FCSH and University of Évora, IN2PAST, and University College London
May 18, 2022
The words historian Fernando Rosas used to describe the ceremony of the 77th anniversary of the liberation of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp.
May 12, 2022
Exhibition curated by Margarida de Magalhães Ramalho and Claude Marx.
May 6, 2022
The new documentary by Ansgar Schaefer and Susana de Sousa Dias premieres today in Portugal.