Contributos para a determinação dos elementos visuais mais relevantes da paisagem litoral da foz do Tejo
Based on the analysis of a sample of 81 points, implanted on a pre-defined analysis course, from which, at a given moment, was done the surrounding photographic record of the coastal landscape on the confluence of the Tagus with the Atlantic, was made un inventory of determinant visual elements. It was also established, based on the assessment of the surroundings of these points and considering a set of three preference factors – unity, diversity, and singularity – which of these points are presented as visually more important. The comparison of the obtained values, with the cartography of the surroundings of the points considered, and an analysis of the intervisibility relations between the points of the sample, allows to establish which of these should be considered as the most important, and the reasons that determine this relevance. The result also shows that the Atlantic Ocean presents itself as the most important visual component of the landscape under study.
Landscape; Coast; Atlantic; Assessment Methodology; Visual Elements
Tipologia do Evento:
Detalhes do Evento
Research seminar of the group Comparative Political History. With Matteo Millan, on armed associationism in Europe before, during, and after the Great
Detalhes do Evento
Beyond the watershed?
Pre-1914 armed associations during the Great War, and in its aftermath
Armed associations were a common presence in pre-1914 Europe: thousands of male European citizens owned, handled, and used guns and rifles as members of various armed associations, from military youth groups and paramilitary units to civic militias, from company defence groups to shooting clubs. Handling guns was a means of instilling patriotic values in young men and preparing them to defend the country, but it was also a fully legitimized practice for preserving social hierarchies, order, and productivity. The outbreak of the First World War was a litmus test for the massive continental experience of armed associationism. On the one hand, such groups spent the years prior to the conflict preparing for war or preserving the social order against internal enemies; on the other hand, what they experienced once the war broke out was completely different from what they had expected. The paper’s aim is threefold. First, it offers a quick overview of armed associationism in pre-1914 Europe, outlining the various types, practices, and functions of armed associations. Second, it explores what happened to armed associations once the war broke out, highlighting transformations, adaptations, and disappointments. Third, it investigates the legacy of pre-war armed associationism in post-war Europe, in which a new kind of paramilitarism – much more violent and brutal – emerged and in which the threat of revolution seemed far more real. Despite the completely new context produced by the total conflict, through their endurance and legacy pre-1914 armed associations were able to overcome the watershed of the war experience and went on to influence post-1918 Europe.
Speaker: Matteo Millan (Università di Padova)
Discussant: George Souvlis (University of Ioannina)
Picture: Freikorps in Berlin, circa 1919 (Credit: Major a. D. F. W. Deiß, Weller Verlag/Berlin).
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