Iberians against locusts: fighting cross-border bio-invaders (1898-1947)
Insects that are potentially harmful to agriculture have shaped agricultural practices and policy-making worldwide. For some species and geographies, historical research still needs to be done. This is not only crucial to understanding the past, but also the present and future of pest surges. An overview of Iberian history in relation to the Moroccan locust (Dociostaurus maroccanus) between 1898 and 1947 reveals a) the historical distribution of locust invasions, showing that they were much larger than previously suggested; b) how outbreaks triggered local, regional and national responses, including mandatory regulations, in the last two centuries at least; c) differences and similarities, between countries, and over time, in the control measures applied, which reflect perceptions about the role of authorities and the efficacy of those measures. This paper also adds clarity to the discussion about the factors involved in the decline of outbreaks in recent years and provides a crucial context for future Orthoptera management programmes.
locusts, Iberian Peninsula, historical distribution, control measures.
Tipologia do Evento:
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines. Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms Gestures such as
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines.
Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms
Gestures such as the recent toppling of statues portraying slave owners or confederate soldiers in the UK and USA have ushered in public and historiographical debates about the legacies of colonialism as well the role of material culture and visuality in historical memory. Although the study of the past is always situated, not least disciplinarily, such situatedness should be open for productive intersections between history and history of art. For example, can we consider Cecil Rhodes’ statue an autonomous material manifestation without considering how its materiality is placed in history? Can we historicise artistic objects without engaging with the specific contexts of their material production or with the evolving ideological values that shaped the very conception of ‘art’? Can we talk about history as purely discursive when its material consequences are, at the same time, so palpable and so contested, particularly at a time when bodies and cultures are visibly threatened by global, social, economic, environmental, and health-related crises?
This conference aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines, focusing on their relationship to issues of materiality and ethics.
(Terça-feira) 10:00 am - 5:30 pm
Institute of Contemporary History — NOVA FCSH and University of Évora, IN2PAST, and University College London
May 18, 2022
The words historian Fernando Rosas used to describe the ceremony of the 77th anniversary of the liberation of the Mauthausen Concentration Camp.
May 12, 2022
Exhibition curated by Margarida de Magalhães Ramalho and Claude Marx.
May 6, 2022
The new documentary by Ansgar Schaefer and Susana de Sousa Dias premieres today in Portugal.