Iracema’s Country

Apr 12, 2019 | Papers, Publications

Iracema’s Country: Nature from the Mid-1800s to the Present in Ceará, Brazil

  • Ana Isabel Queiroz, Renata Sartori & Inês T. Rosário
  • 2019
  • ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment
  • Volume 26, Issue 2
  • 324–357
  • Language: English
  • DOI:
  • ISSN: 1076-0962 / 1759-1090 (online)

Excerpt: Iracema, Legend of Ceará (1865) is a canonical work from Brazilian Romanticism, written by José de Alencar (1829–77), and one of the most popular literary works published in Brazil. Together with O Guarani (1857) and Ubirajara (1874), it comprises Alencar’s expression of “Indianism.” “Indianism” (in Portuguese indianismo), which had its heyday in Brazil between 1835 and 1888, is a literary and artistic movement “described as a more or less uniform and static phenomenon, whose language, imagery, and central protagonist, the Indian ‘knight’, were definitively fixed by Gonçalves Dias and José de Alencar” (Treece 57).

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