Personagens inventadas: jornalismo e ficção na I Grande Guerra mediática (1914-1918) [Invented characters: journalism and fiction in the First (mediatic) World War (1914-1918)]
- Luís Augusto Costa Dias
- Issue 6
- Language: Portuguese
- DOI: 10.14195/2183-6019_6_3
- ISSN: 2183-6019
The article starts from the perspective, elsewhere studied, that the mass media in Portugal − which has its zero year in 1865, with the foundation of Diário de Notícias, and since 1881, with the appearance of the newspaper O Século, its unstoppable expansion − transformed the Great War of 1914-1918 into the first mediatic war. The apotheosis of the war did not lack the use of fiction, in the literary sense, what the young journalist Mário de Almeida then called a «literature of war» as a «vacant field» ready to «pass the plough above», and which I designate as war fictions. From this fictional representation came a textual corpus, published in the magazine Ilustração Portuguesa (belonging to the mediatic empire of O Século), in a set that did not complete four dozen texts in a chronological arc that extended, with decreasing regularity, from 1 February 1915 to August 28, 1916. Except for one or another author looking for a place in the literary field, the initiative came from a new and specific journalistic field in statement process, but still in half walls with the literary writings. These war fictions were intended to feed all the sensationalism of war, plus the emotion that the creation of characters could credibly lend to the climate of the conflict, that is to say a greater efficacy in staging the real, as was expected by the interlocutor in a story about a Christmas in war: “Give it some literature and there’s a subject for a Christmas tale …” Not so much for the interest of the fictional themes or narrative strategies, are the characters who, even if stereotyped and sometimes ill-defined, meet the emotions market created by the mediatic propaganda, with his example of personal determination, effort, sacrifice or moralizing glory.
I World War, O Século, Ilustração Portuguesa, journalism and literature, war fiction
Event Type :
A debate on the cults of national poets and the fall of Westen Canon, with the participation of IHC Visiting Scholar Yuri Slezkine. Scriptures, Classics, and Canons: A Comparative
A debate on the cults of national poets and the fall of Westen Canon, with the participation of IHC Visiting Scholar Yuri Slezkine.
Scriptures, Classics, and Canons: A Comparative Perspective
Literary canons have been recently submitted to criticism in different Western countries. This tendency can be understood as an attempt to open up space for literary works that have long been ignored. At the same time this process may be related to the so-called decline of Western civilization.
Yuri Slezkine is the “IHC Visiting Scholar 2021” and his current project is a comparative history of sacred texts and their authors, including the Confucian canon, the Sanskrit classics, the Christian, Islamic, and Buddhists scriptures, and the cults of national bards from Homer and Virgil to Shakespeare, Cervantes, Pushkin, and Mickiewicz. In this event he will be joined by historians Diogo Ramada Curto and Luís Trindade, and by literary scholar Manuela Ribeiro Sanches.
16h00 | Opening remarks, by Rita Luís (IHC — NOVA FCSH / IN2PAST)
16h15 | The Cults of National Poets: Pushkin, Camões and Other Virgils
With Yuri Slezkine (UC Berkeley) and Diogo Ramada Curto (IPRI NOVA). Moderation: Nuno Medeiros (CEC — FLUL).
17h30 | The Fall of the Western Canon and the (Yet Another) Decline of Western Civilization
With Yuri Slezkine (UC Berkeley), Manuela Ribeiro Sanches (IHC — NOVA FCSH / IN2PAST) and Luís Trindade (CEIS20 — University of Coimbra). Moderation: Rita Luís (IHC — NOVA FCSH / IN2PAST).
(Tuesday) 4:00 pm - 6:00 pm
Institute of Contemporary History - NOVA FCSH and University of Évora
Nov 25, 2022
The Associate Laboratory for Research and Innovation in Heritage, Arts, Sustainability and Territory will be presented in Lisbon.
Nov 24, 2022
Marta Silva was the winner of the prize awarded by the Cultural Council of the University of Minho.
Nov 22, 2022
Historians Yuri Slezkine and Jochen Hellbeck are the first IHC Visiting Scholars, within the framework of our Platform of Advanced Studies.