Portugal, Jewish Refugees, and the Holocaust
- Irene Flunser Pimentel & Cláudia Ninhos
- Dapim: Studies on the Holocaust
- Volume 29, Número 2
- Idioma: Inglês
- DOI: 10.1080/23256249.2015.1032118
- ISSN: 2325-6249 / 2325-6257 (Online)
This article constitutes a case study of, on the one hand, the evolution of Portuguese border policy regarding refugees and, on the other, the circumstances surrounding the awareness of the Holocaust by the Portuguese state. The first section discusses the evolution of official Portuguese policy toward refugees, in particular Jews, from the early 1930s onward. We support the argument that Portugal’s increasingly restrictive border policies toward Jewish refugees are most effectively explained not by antisemitic ideology, but by social and political motivations. The following section of this paper will focus on the period that followed the invasion of the Soviet Union, when the Holocaust began. Our main objective is to understand the point at which the Portuguese government and Portuguese society became aware of the mass slaughter that was taking place in Eastern Europe. We will then analyze the impact of this knowledge on the Portuguese government’s position on the refugees, especially as it became aware of the extent of the crimes being committed. The article will conclude with the presentation and discussion, for the first time, of German primary sources that inform on the role of the Portuguese state in the Holocaust. This last section assesses an important and heretofore unanswered question regarding Nazi Germany’s inclusion of neutral countries, including Portugal, in the carrying out of the ‘Final Solution to the Jewish Question’.
Portugal, Salazar, Holocaust, refugees policy
Tipologia do Evento:
Sessão de cinema
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines. Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms Gestures such as
Detalhes do Evento
Conference that aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines.
Crafting the Past: Materials, Materialities, Materialisms
Gestures such as the recent toppling of statues portraying slave owners or confederate soldiers in the UK and USA have ushered in public and historiographical debates about the legacies of colonialism as well the role of material culture and visuality in historical memory. Although the study of the past is always situated, not least disciplinarily, such situatedness should be open for productive intersections between history and history of art. For example, can we consider Cecil Rhodes’ statue an autonomous material manifestation without considering how its materiality is placed in history? Can we historicise artistic objects without engaging with the specific contexts of their material production or with the evolving ideological values that shaped the very conception of ‘art’? Can we talk about history as purely discursive when its material consequences are, at the same time, so palpable and so contested, particularly at a time when bodies and cultures are visibly threatened by global, social, economic, environmental, and health-related crises?
This conference aims to promote discussion around the thematic, epistemological, and methodological intersections of history and history of art as disciplines, focusing on their relationship to issues of materiality and ethics.
(Terça-feira) 10:00 am - 5:30 pm
Instituto de História Contemporânea — NOVA FCSH e Universidade de Évora, IN2PAST e University College London
Mai 18, 2022
Palavras do historiador Fernando Rosas no Campo de Concentração de Mauthausen.
Mai 12, 2022
Exposição com curadoria de Margarida de Magalhães Ramalho e Claude Marx.
Mai 6, 2022
O novo documentário de Ansgar Schaefer e Susana de Sousa Dias estreia hoje em Portugal.