INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION LIAISON COMMITTEE OF HISTORIANS
(GROUPE DE LIAISON DES PROFESSEURS D'HISTOIRE CONTEMPORAINE AUPRÈS DE LA COMMISSION DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES)
IN COOPERATION WITH THE NEW UNIVERSITY OF LISBON
Origins, implementation and funding of European policies from the Schuman Plan to Maastricht
Organizadora local: Alice Cunha, Instituto de História Contemporânea – Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Maria Fernanda Rollo (Universidade Nova de Lisboa);
Antonio Varsori (Università de Padova);
Jan van der Harst (University of Groningen);
Charles Barthel (Archives Nationales, Luxemburgo);
Gérard Bossuat (Université de Cergy-Pontoise);
Elena Calandri (Università de Padova);
Anne Deighton (Wolfson College, Oxford);
Michel Dumoulin (Université Catholique de Louvain);
Michael Gehler (Universität Hildesheim);
Fernando Guirao (Universitat Pompeu Fabra);
Johnny Laursen (University of Aarhus);
Wilfried Loth (Universität Duisburg-Essen);
N. Piers Ludlow (London School of Economics);
Kiran Klaus Patel (Maastricht University);
Nicolae Păun (Universitatea Babeş-Bolyai);
Sylvain Schirmann (Université de Strasbourg III Robert Schuman)
European Union funding has grown in parallel with European integration itself, not only in numbers but also in its conception, and has supported a broad range of projects and programmes covering different areas, such as agriculture, employment and regional development.
The Treaty of Rome itself highlights the need to consolidate economic unity among the Member States, which led to the creation of the first two Structural Funds – European Social Fund, broadly designed to prevent unemployment and to promote integration into the labour market; and the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund for rural development and the improvement of agricultural structures.
Following the first enlargement round, a third one is created – the European Regional Development Fund –, which introduced, for the first time, the notion of redistribution between richer and poorer regions of the Community; and with the third enlargement round the Integrated Mediterranean Programmes are introduced. To this extent, each enlargement round has potentiated adaptations in European funding and its history has been intertwined with Member Statesʼs membership.
In 1987, the Single European Act creates the Economic and Social Cohesion, designed to help the least well-off countries rise to the challenge of the Single Market, and the Maastricht Treaty makes cohesion a priority objective of the European Union. So, along the history of European integration that European funding has evolved in its rules, procedures and priorities, and has included various stakeholders. Do names change, but the policy remains? To what extent, at what cost and with which results?
Historiography on European integration has dealt with a number of research topics, but has neglected so far the multiple diversity of the European Economic Community/European Union (EU) funding. Bearing that in mind, this conference will focus on EU funding broadly in an historical perspective, not neglecting pre-accession aid to candidate countries. It aims to analyse the conception, changes, distribution, management and outcomes of European funds from the Schuman Plan to Maastricht.
Research topics may include, but are not limited to, the impact of European funds and pre-accession aid over time and space; the EU fundsʼ absorption capacity; cost-benefitʼs analyses at the regional, national and EU level; how member-states compete for funds; and at the actorsʼ level, the role played by community, central and local institutions within the framework of EU funding, as well as the inter-institutional coordination and/or public-private partnerships under this scope, and the experiences of the beneficiaries.
The purpose of the Origins, implementation and funding of European policies from the Schuman Plan to Maastricht conference is to gather scholars working on European funding, from a wide range of perspectives, including approaches to understanding actors, institutions and policies. Quantitative and qualitative research, as well as single case studies and cross-country/regions comparative work, are welcome.