The Portuguese Estado Novo and the Fear of «No Empire»: Some Intangible Reasons for the Resistance to Decolonization (1945-74)
- Adolfo Cueto-Rodríguez
- Espacio, Tiempo y Forma
- Number 30
- Language: Spanish
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.5944/etfv.30.2018.18965
- ISSN: 1130-0124 / 2340-1451 (online)
It is well known that the Portuguese dictatorship resisted decolonization until the end of its days, in April 1974. Since 1961 it did so with arms. The symbiosis between the perpetuation of the regime and the colonial war was such that one could hardly have survived without the other. Still, without a better solution, the future of both was sentenced. More difficult than starting a conflict is always to get out of it, which does not mean that the decision to embark on one and to keep it is simple. The reasons supporting the Portuguese government’s decision have been overly studied and are multiple. But what about the arguments that, as dogmas of faith, compromised the historical continuity of the homeland and its unity of destiny without the colonies? This text will focus on those arguments, since for many people the possibility of the «No Empire» hypothesis seriously threatened national identity and the countryʼs independence. To what extent did this vision of reality influenced the decision to resist and to hamper the political correction that would end the war? We donʼt know how to quantify the imponderable, but it deserves a reflection..
Portuguese Empire; Estado Novo; Colonial War; Decolonization; Communism; National independence; Iberism; European Integration
Tipologia do Evento:
- Super event man
Detalhes do Evento
Temporary exhibition about the impact of World War I in Portuguese healthcare, including among ex-combatants. From the Trenches to the Hospital: Portugal, Health and the Great War The Portuguese
Detalhes do Evento
Temporary exhibition about the impact of World War I in Portuguese healthcare, including among ex-combatants.
From the Trenches to the Hospital:
Portugal, Health and the Great War
The Portuguese participation in the Great War had political, economic and social consequences that were felt in the following decades, and that also had an impact on health. Through the mobilisation of over 100 000 men, the young Portuguese Republic (1910) hoped to obtain international recognition and protect its African colonies from British and German interests.
Although it might seem contradictory, the First World War triggered a set of technical and scientific advances in healthcare. But this total war would also forever mark the lives of many men, who returned with physical and psychiatric traumas, and who were soon consigned to oblivion.
Through a set of objects, photographs and videos, this exhibition explores this double impact of the Great War on health, in Portugal.
Dates: 29 Julho a 29 de Setembro de 2019
Schedule: 10-13h / 14h-17h de Segunda a Domingo
Venue: Santo António Hospital – Auditorium Prof. Doutor Alexandre Moreira do Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto
Julho 29 (Segunda-feira) 10:00 am - Setembro 29 (Domingo) 5:00 pm
Institute of Contemporary History — NOVA FCSH and Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto
Sep 17, 2019
Albérico Afonso was honored last Sunday with the Setúbal Medal of Honor, in the Cultural Activities class, for his dedication to research and teaching.
Sep 4, 2019
The Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies awarded Márcia Gonçalves for the best peer-reviewed article on Portuguese history.
Aug 2, 2019
The IHC is a partner of one of the winning projects of the first Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degrees-Partnership with Japan about History in the Public Sphere.